The first courses on conservation and restoration, circumscribed to the field of mural painting, had been carried out within the Nicolae Grigorescu Institute of Fine Arts ever since 1970. Subsequently the department of Monumental Art – Restoration, with a double specialization, the course on restoration increased its scope by extending its interests in the area of furniture and wood painting. The department was added a chemistry laboratory and in 1990 it became an autonomous department, dedicated exclusively to the conservation and restoration of the works of art. Starting with 2011, it operates as a study program within the Department of Art History and Theory and Conservation-Restoration of the National University of Arts in Bucharest. The students’ training involves, on the one hand, learning specialized theoretical and scientific notions, research technologies and conservation-restoration methods, and on the other hand, acquiring an adequate culture in art history, the history of artistic materials and techniques and aesthetics. Theoretical courses are carried out simultaneously with specialized practical training consisting of practical works in the Department’s laboratories and studios, in construction site visits. During the first three years of study, the students come into contact with general notions concerning the conservation and restoration of mural painting, wood painting and sculpture, and they will specialize in one of the three directions during their graduate studies (Master’s program). On the duration of their studies, students in the conservation and restoration study program are offered the following benefits: access to the studios specialized in the methodology of conservation – restoration of the work of art (mural painting and wood painting); access to the laboratories of physical, chemical and biological investigations, having the opportunity to use for their works within the study programs microscopy, the digital processing of data, the devices for measuring and controlling the micro-climate; access to the university’s exhibition hall, having the opportunity to organize personal and group exhibitions; the opportunity to study in the UNArte library, an area which grants access to albums, art volumes, periodicals and specialized publications in the reading room or on loan, and in the Department’s library; accommodation in the UNArte dormitories; scholarships and scholarships for low-income students; free access on the basis of an ID in all art museums in the country; free medical assistance. Starting with 1999, the Department for the Conservation and Restoration of the Work of Art has become a constant partner in projects in the field of conservation – restoration of the work of art, with a particular interest in historical monuments. Consequently, the department participated in projects in the MIC plan, in the CERES, ORIZONT 2000, MENER, AMTRANS, CULTURA 2000 programs. Between 2002-2003, our department met the standards which allowed it to become part of the network of EXCELLENCE CENTERS.
Ever since the beginning of artistic higher education in Bucharest, the need to offer future artists a solid theoretical background and a general plastic culture was adamant, and this tendency was reaffirmed all the more subsequent to the transformation of the School of Belle Arte in a higher education institution in 1931, when it became the Academy of Fine Arts. Starting with 1950, through the reform in artistic higher education, a special department of Art History emerged within the restructured Institute of Fine Arts “Nicolae Grigorescu”, which took over the functions of the Art History Department within the University of Bucharest. This department became the main center for the training of specialists in the fields of historiography, art criticism and theory, museography, museology (and later, after 1990, of cultural management), contributing at the same time to the formation of plastic artists’ artistic conscience and culture.
At present, we offer a multidisciplinary education, responsive to the methodological renewals in the international context, in order to provide a complex and balanced development to future specialists and in order to help them integrate adequately on the labor market, taking into account contemporary demands. In order to increase the academic prestige of our department, but also in order to raise extra-budgetary funds, we have started research projects coordinated by tenured personnel in the department and including within the research teams Master and doctoral students. The specializations and research interests of the members of the personnel cover a vast historical area, from ancient classicism to contemporary times, approached through varied and complementary study methods. The direct examination of the works of art are combined with the exploration of new theoretical trends in the subject. The courses are structured on a few major directions: art and culture history in Antiquity and the Middle Ages, the history of Romanian art from Late Antiquity to contemporary times, the history of European art within the same interval, the development of art theory from Pre-Renaissance to the 20th century, museology, curatorial studies, cultural management, aesthetics and the philosophy of image. We place a special emphasis on the assimilation of the terminology specific to the subject in international languages, a large part of the compulsory bibliography being studied in the original.
The study program owns six course rooms, two of which are equipped with projection equipment. The collection of negatives in the audiovisual section represents an essential source which is undergoing a process of digitalization. The study program also owns a library whose development constitutes a priority of the educational strategy. For the most part, the equipment for the digitalization of images and their projection was purchased with extra-budgetary funds, within research grants.
The tenured or adjunct personnel are either established personalities in the field, or young PhDs whose research activities confirmed a well consolidated academic training. The doctoral students whose projects are compatible with the structure of the curriculum are equally recruited for seminar activities with Bachelor students.
The study program organizes annually a conference of the faculty of Art History and Theory, in partnership with the colleagues from the program study Conservation and Restoration of the Work of Art.
The students in the study program were involved in various cultural and artistic events, as volunteers or members in the organizing committees. We should also name here the research excursions carried out by students under the supervision of members in the study programs, to visit objectives in the national and even international patrimony (Bachelor students may benefit from a research mobility of approximately one week in Rome, within a partnership with Accademia di Romania).
Area of taught subjects: Problems of methodology in the interpretation of images, The evolution and methods of art history and theory, History of universal art.
Area of taught subjects: Special course on Romanian art, Creative strategies in European and Romanian art, Art History, The development of the Master’s project / M.A.
Area of taught subjects: Visuality and knowledge, The development of the, Master’s projectThe evolution and methods of art history and theory, The status of museums in contemporary times, Dissertation / M.A.
Dean of Faculty of History and Theory of Art
Area of taught subjects: History of universal art, Art History, History of Romanian art, Iconographic and language landmarks in contemporary art / M.A.
Area of taught subjects: Agents of biodeterioration of the work of art The biodeterioration of mural painting and stone, The biodeterioration of wood and paper, The etiopathogeny of the work of art, the treatment of the agents of biodeterioration, Writing the dissertation, Preventive conservation of historical monuments, Case studies.
Area of taught subjects: Advanced methods of treatment of the work of art (mural painting, painting on wood, sculpture), Research, evaluation, design in the conservation and restoration of the work of art, The development of the Master’s project, The memory of the conservation-restoration intervention, Case studies / M.A.
Area of taught subjects: Mineralogy, Petrography, The comparative iconography of medieval art, Notions of dogmatic theology, The amelioration of microclimate factors in the conservation of cultural goods.
Area of taught subjects: Chemistry for the conservation and restoration of the work of art, General notions of chemistry, The chemistry of constitutive materials of the work of art, The chemistry of materials used in restoration, Fundamental notions of physics, Physical methods of investigation of the work of art.