The Sculpture Department is among the first structures of the Belle-Arte School in Bucharest, the first professor, Karl Stork, being appointed on the 2nd of January 1865; he was seconded by Ioan Georgescu and Vladimir Hégel. Subsequently, numerous great Romanian sculptors became professors in the Department, and we name here only Dimitrie Paciurea, Oscar Han or Ion Lucian Murnu; Constantin Brancusi similarly trained within the department between 1898 and 1902.

The teaching activities within the Department aim at training new generations of artists, responsive to the newest artistic realities of the present times, capable to manifest themselves freely in the contemporary context, but also being familiar with an artistic tradition older than a hundred years; the attitude that always guided the artistic education in Bucharest was the balanced combination between tradition and an openness to experiment and renewal. Within the Department, the future sculptor shapes his / her creative personality under the systematic guidance of the teaching personnel consisting of experienced artists, professionals in the field; consequently, s/he acquires a method of individual study in the field of drawing, modeling and composition which helps the development of his / her abilities of experimental research; simultaneously with acquiring a three-dimensional visual expression, s/he will be perfectly capable to search for, assimilate and synthesize the informational resources, to express him/herself plastically through creatively employing traditional or nonconventional materials, to relate volumes with the ambient space, to experiment with varied means of expression. The current teaching personnel in the Department is selected from our best graduates who follow in the footsteps of renowned artists who were also accomplished professors.

The premises of the Department offer individual workshops to groups organized on years of study and dedicated workshops equipped with the necessary working tools and furniture; the warehouses storing supplies permanently provide students with the necessary materials for study or transfer. The workshops dedicated to transfers in plaster, stone, wood and metal are similarly modernly equipped, with an almost complete range of specific tools; the existence of three-phase electrical sources in the workshops for transfer in stone and metal allows for using tools and machines with an industrial performance and efficiency, which partly supports the artistic and expressive quality of transfers.

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Studii de licență

B.A. Studies

1st GRADE

The Study of drawing

During the 1st year, the study of drawing aims to present and facilitate the internalization of the basic principles of the subject, to familiarize the students with the rules and work methods, to correct any deficiencies in observation and execution, as well as to ensure the students’ development to a certain level of professionalism in approaching and accomplishing the workshop assignments. These assignments take into consideration the exercise of the keen observation of pagination, proportioning and movement of volumes transposed two-dimensionally; in drawings, the students practice diverse types of lines focusing on their quality depending on the studied volume. Proposed assignments: portrait study, study of the human body in various postures, from frontal or dorsal simplicity to contrapposto, study of didactic materials (copies of ancient gypsums) which have a simple and easy to follow composition.

The study of shape – modeling

For the 1st year, this course mainly aims to familiarize the students with the basic principles of three-dimensional representation; with acquiring the work methods necessary in the construction of a volume by clay modeling, presenting the specific toolkit – tools, armature, clay maintenance, a.s.o. The individual learning of how to conceive and execute the structures on which the diverse types of modeling are built – the armature necessary to any type of modeling – relief, ronde-bosse character, portrait, a.o. plays an essential role. The workshop assignments focus on the exercise of construction starting from the correct structuring and proportioning of the general volume to the keen observation of the details of the ensemble. Proposed assignments: life size portrait study, small-sized ronde-bosse study of the human body in different postures – from 40 cm to ½ of the life size; study of didactic materials (replicas of ancient gypsums).

Composition

The permanent familiarization of students with the bases of composition – the systematic presentation of the elementary notions of the subject, especially during the 1st year of study: defining sculptural volume, the rhythm of shapes, the alternation between full and empty, concave and convex; applicative notions – the elaboration and development of compositional structures, elements of techniques and technologies of sculptural transpositions – traditional and unconventional transposition materials, types of armature, ready-made materials and objects, assemblage; figurative and non-figurative compositions, the creative and compositional combination of the anatomical-figurative elements with geometrical shapes. Proposed assignments: sketches of observation of vegetal, organic, mineral, a.o. subjects; documentation in museums in Bucharest – and not only, assignments starting from mythological themes or themes chosen by the students.

Plaster technology

Together with the first courses of modeling and composition, the students acquire the technical notions of armature for portrait and the entire figure, of armature for ronde-bosse and relief composition, instruments used in modeling, about the potter’s wheel, rotating potter’s wheels, a.o. The plaster technology represents the first step in the transpositions of works; it has to be internalized correctly by the students because, besides immediate transpositions, it also offers the opportunity of experimenting with other methods derived from plaster technology: stucco, cement, casting in diverse plastic materials / resins, pressed and then burnt earth, a.o.

Sketches / elective course

Sketches of live models are central to this elective course and offer to each student the opportunity to develop his/her own abilities and skills concerning the direct observation and analysis of nature, including the emergence of a personal style of correct interpretation and original execution of the respective subject.

Internship

This subject is organized as a cognitive process and an interdisciplinary approach of theoretical and practical courses in the curricular area studied by the students – especially drawing, modeling, composition, anatomy, art history, techniques and technologies of transposition in traditional and unconventional materials; the pedagogy of internship aims to structure and develop the specialized intellectual and technical abilities in a complex and creative process which systematically follows the steps of sculptural transposition – starting from the idea and concept, through an extended study of the theme, a lucrative concept is developed, which will be initially transposed in series of sketches – in drawing and three-dimensionally in a small size model, usually made from clay, gypsum or other material appropriate in this phase.

2nd GRADE

The study of drawing

For the 2nd year, the course wishes to enlarge the students’ professional abilities in employing creatively the specific work methods and to develop their analysis and synthesis abilities with regard to drawing. The assignments are focused on the exercise of two-dimensional representation of sculptural volumes through various specific work methods and materials. Proposed assignments: study of the human body and more complex didactic materials which allow for a synthesis of the students’ knowledge and abilities. The examples based on drawings of sculptors from different periods or stylistic areas play an important part.

The study of shape – modeling

During the 2nd year of studies, the course on modeling mainly wishes to develop the abilities of construction, analysis and synthesis concerning the transposition material, doubled by the internalization of diverse methods of plastic expression of modeling. The workshop assignments take into account the exercise of three-dimensional representation of volumes with an increased complexity, highlighting the qualities of the different types of modeling depending on the ambient light. Proposed assignments: ronde-bosse study of the human body in natural size, study of didactic materials with an increased complexity; experimental assignments, such as the construction of portraits in clay, in a reduced size, without armature, in order to be burnt; pressing clay for burning it in the negatives of models elaborated for workshop assignments – modeling, composition, a.s.o.

Composition

During the 2nd year, the course on composition aims, besides developing the abilities and skills of working with diverse materials, to facilitate the internalization of means of exploitation and plastic interpretation of the assignment and its transposition technology; the students are systematically encouraged to elaborate and apply personalized solutions in the process of execution / transposition of composition assignments. The workshop assignments are based on the exercise of three-dimensional representation using cognitive processes, various materials, structures and textures; the plastic exploration of the intrinsic qualities of the material typology represents a necessity; personal study is essential at this level of professional training. Proposed assignments: reinterpreting an ancient theme; identifying one’s own reference segment determined by the originality of plastic expression.

The technique and technology of carving

Together with numerous traditional or unconventional transposition techniques, carving in wood or stone remains the chief reference point in sculpture due to the beauty and the expressive potential of materials and carving techniques. Within the wood carving course, students acquire knowledge and abilities concerning the properties of different wood essences, technologies of cutting, storage, combination and preservation, tools and carving techniques, a.o. The stone carving course will capitalize on knowledge regarding the properties of the different types of stone (chalk, sandstone, travertine, granite, marble, a.s.o.) and on the traditional carving techniques. We will teach notions about direct carving, but also about the transposition of works by traditional methods (pointing machine, enhancing device, a.o.)

Internship

During the 2nd year, it organizes and develops the students’ specialized abilities in a complex process which goes through all the stages of sculptural transposition; from idea and concept, through an extended study of the theme a lucrative concept is developed, which will be initially transposed in a series of sketches – in drawing and three-dimensionally in a small size model, usually of clay, gypsum or other appropriate material at this stage. Then follows the selection of material and transposition technology – the selection is based on an analysis which should take into account the potential of the concept and the individual theoretical and practical skills.

3rd GRADE

The study of drawing

Within the context of the graduation year, the course focuses on developing the abilities of synthesis and personal interpretation of the subject; aiming directly at the professional abilities and competences acquired during the previous years with respect to the use of various work techniques and materials, we systematically capitalize on the individual directions of perception, interpretation and synthesis of the subjects approached. Proposed assignments: large size classical gypsums or subjects related to the intentions of the graduation projects.

The study of shape – modeling

Maximizing the development of abilities of working with the material and extending the typology of means of its plastic exploitation; the students are encouraged to diversify and creatively apply personal solutions in the construction, analysis and synthesis of the sculptural model’s volume. The assignments refer to the exercise of three-dimensional representation of volumes in complex compositions, adapted to the creative intentions of the graduation projects. Proposed assignments: ronde-bosse study of the human body –natural size; study of complex didactic materials; study of chosen subjects in the context of personal proposals for the graduation project.

Composition

During the 3rd year, the course on composition facilitates systematically the development of the abilities of synthesis and personal, creative and original interpretation of the subjects and themes approached – in brief, it empowers the students to generate their own means of carrying out the projects, applying the abilities acquired during the previous years with respect to the use of techniques and technologies of transposition, the students are encouraged to carry out personal composition exercises whose finality is to be included in the graduation project.

The bronze casting technology

the bronze transposition of a work of reasonable dimensions for this technology should be carried out as part of preparing for the transposition of the graduation project – which may be a small scale sketch or a model of the graduation project.

Internship – Elaborating the graduation project

In this case, the course adapts to the individual needs defined by the standards of the graduation projects transposed by the students; the elaboration of the graduation project organizes and exercises individually, originally and creatively the specialized intellectual and technical abilities, in the complex process which goes through all the stages of sculptural transposition. The selection of the material and of the transposition technology is accomplished subsequent to an assessment of the concept and of the students’ individual skills. The final stage of the project involves, as the internship during the 3rd year does, fairly more complex actions on the sculptural volumes already transposed: embellishment through textures, color and patina, choosing a type of plinth, potential and variants of positioning.

Studii masterale

M.A. Studies

1st GRADE

Strategies of plastic representation in sculpture/synthesis course

Within this synthesis course, we emphasize the individual and extended work with the students, based on their personal research projects – starting from the concept and the contextual reference to the actual transposition, during the two years of the program. We favor the elaboration of an overview of the project’s content – in the sense of a postmodern positioning within the contemporary reference area in the field of research; the strategies of plastic representation take into account the systematic relation with established landmarks in order to facilitate a creative and original perspective over the project. The course closely follows the creative and original implementation of solutions and technologies of sculptural transposition, in order to maximize the potential individual impact of projects on the reference field.

Principles of structuring research in visual arts/advanced level course

This course taught within the Master’s specialization in the Sculpture Department is dedicated to the intensive process of specialization underwent by the students in the field – keeping in mind that the Master’s studies represent a condition for a prospective doctorate in visual arts. The course approaches the research procedures carried out by students during the two years of specialization based on their individual projects; broadly speaking, the course focuses on the theoretical and practical procedures of the intellectual and professional training of students, based on the realities and specificities of the field.

Developing the Master’s project/advanced level course

In this case, the advanced level course in the Master’s program is meant to empower the students’ professionalization, not only with respect to the strictly technical and professional abilities, but also with regard to the development of the cognitive abilities specific to the field of contemporary sculpture – the positive positioning in the area of postmodern conceptual realities, the professional approach of the landmarks of a sculptural project feasible from all points of view.

2nd GRADE

Strategies of plastic representation in sculpture/synthesis course

This course capitalizes on the individual and extended work with the students, following closely the landmarks of the personal research projects – from the concept to the actual transposition, during the two years of the program. We favor the elaboration of an overview of the project’s content – in the sense of a postmodern positioning in the contemporary reference area in the field of research; the strategies of plastic representation take into account the systematic relation with established landmarks, in order to support a creative and original view on the project. The course follows closely the creative and original implementation of solutions and technologies of sculptural transposition, in order to maximize the individual impact of the Master’s projects in the context of contemporary sculptural realities.

Principles of structuring research in visual arts/advanced level course

This course taught within the Master’s specialization in the Sculpture Department is dedicated to the intensive specialization of students in this field – considering that the Master’s studies represent a condition for a prospective doctorate in visual arts. The course approaches the individual research procedures carried out by students during the two years of specialization, based on their projects; it focuses on the theoretical and practical procedures of the intellectual and technical-professional training of students, based on the landmarks and specificities in the reference field.

Developing the Master’s project/advanced level course

The advanced level course was initiated in order to maximize the professional empowerment of students, not only with respect to the strictly technical and professional abilities, but also with regard to the development of cognitive abilities specific to the field of contemporary sculpture – the active positioning in the postmodern conceptual realities and especially the professional approach of the landmarks of a sculpture project feasible from all points of view.

Dissertation project/advanced level course

The standards of this course somewhat correspond to the 3rd year of Bachelor’s studies – Elaborating the dissertation project, as the finality of the individual work with students is the elaboration of the dissertation project – in this case, however, the course formulates and exposes the real necessities of the professional status, both at a theoretical and at a practical level, of the endeavor initiated by the Master’s project; the stages underwent during the two years of the Master’s program cover the entire process of the professional artistic development – the elaboration and research of a concept, the investigation of the ideational and cognitive context doubled by the concrete transposition and the presentation of the work / subject of the initial project.

Sculpture

Facultatea de Arte Plastice / Departamentul Sculptura
Calea Grivitei, nr. 20,
010732,Bucuresti, sector1, Romania

Telefon: +(40) 21.312.7215
E-mail:  fap@unarte.org